The National Soybean Checkoff program first collects
and then invests the collections to advance
soybean marketing, production
technology and the development of new uses.
A mandatory assessment of one-half of one percent of
the net market price of soybeans is collected at the first point of sale
(typically when a farmer delivers soybeans to a
grain elevator). Half of the amount
collected remains within the state where it is collected and is invested
by a Qualified State Soybean Board. The other half is forwarded to
a national board that is invested by the
United Soybean Board.
The amount of money collected fluctuates each year
because the collection amount depends on the quantity of soybeans produced
and the price at which the soybeans are sold. In recent years, the
production and price of soybeans has increased dramatically, and so has
the amount of money collected. To learn more, see
Soybean Checkoff Collections.
The Soybean Promotion and Research Order is
authorized by the Soybean Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information
Act [7 U.S.C. 6301-6311]. The Act was passed as part of the 1990 Farm
Bill. It authorized the establishment of a national soybean promotion,
research and consumer information program. The program became effective on
July 9, 1991, when the Order was published. Assessments began September 1,
1991. To learn more, see The Act and
It was the American Soybean Association and its
State Soybean Affiliates that developed the concept for a national
soybean checkoff in the late 1980ís and then worked with the United States
Congress and the U.S. Department of Agriculture to establish the national
soybean checkoff in 1990. As the policy organization that represents U.S.
soybean farmers, ASA is responsible, along with Congress and USDA, to
ensure that the soybean checkoff, and other entities the checkoff has
created, are operating in an accountable and transparent manner and in the
best interest of soybean farmers.
Prior to 1990, there were a number of individual State Soybean Checkoff
programs operating. Legislation for many of these programs still exists at
the state level, but these programs are currently superseded by the
National Soybean Checkoff.
A number of other agricultural commodities also have
a national checkoff program. These include programs for Beef, Blueberries,
Cotton, Dairy Products, Eggs, Fluid Milk, Hass Avocados, Honey Packers and
Importers, Lamb, Mangos, Mushrooms, Peanuts, Popcorn, Pork, Potatoes,
Sorghum and Watermelons. See National Research and Promotion
Programs and About National Research and Promotion Programs for more information and links to web sites.
Over the years there have been a
number of amendments made to the legislation for various checkoff
programs, including the Soybean Checkoff. These amendments were made
to keep the programs up-to-date serving the needs of the groups the
programs are intended to benefit. See Amendments to the Soybean Checkoff Program
and Examples of Amendments to Other Checkoff Program for more